The best way to deal with the smell of something is to ignore it, but if it is accompanied by a negative response, then it can be extremely dangerous, a new study has found.
Study participants were exposed to different odors over a period of three weeks.
They were asked to judge whether the smell was unpleasant or pleasant depending on whether they smelled it before or after it, and whether it was pleasant or unpleasant.
The study, conducted by researchers at the University of Auckland and the University at Albany, involved more than 4,000 people, most of whom were male and most of them over the age of 50.
Researchers found that the more odors people were exposed, the more they were influenced by operant-conditioning.
“We found that operant behaviour can lead to more aggressive behaviour and a higher risk of physical and emotional harm,” Dr Simon Crampton, from the University’s Department of Psychology, said.
It is not clear why people become more aggressive when exposed to a smell that is not pleasant, but there are theories, Dr Cramton said.
“Some people may be more aggressive because they have a fear of being harmed or are in an emotional or mental state of stress, which makes them more likely to become aggressive.”
Other people may become aggressive because of the social pressure of being in a certain environment.
“People may also be more prone to become more violent when they perceive they are being attacked.”
If you are exposed to one type of odor, then you will develop an operant response to that odor.
People may then become more prone over time to become increasingly aggressive, even when they have no motivation to do so.
“The study was published in the Journal of Experimental Psychology: General.
Dr CramTONN said people may feel more aggressive and less peaceful when they are exposed, but they may not have been able to identify the source of the odour at the time.
”We know that the odours we are exposed and the stimuli we are presented with influence how we respond, but we do not know why these different odours are so effective at triggering operant behavioural responses,” he said.”
We also need to understand the nature of operant behaviours, because they can have a significant impact on behaviour, including aggression.
“Dr Crompton said there was a growing body of evidence that operants could also be responsible for some psychological conditions.
He said it could be that the use of an operantic response could be an evolutionary strategy to protect our genes against harmful parasites, or to defend against aggression from animals.
‘I just feel sick’: Study participants with a personality disorder have an operants response to their odoursThe University of Albany’s Dr Cranston said that although the study had limitations, it showed that the brain of people with a specific personality disorder had a more complex operant system than the average person.
She said it was important to understand what the operant responses to odours were, and how they differed between people.
There was a significant relationship between how they reacted and how much they were bothered by the smell, Dr Carranston told News.au.
One participant in the study reported feeling sick because of his smell, she said.
The study also found that people with personality disorders were more likely than the general population to have a specific operant.
Other studies have also found similar results, with researchers from the Australian National University and the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare finding that people who were more violent and had a higher degree of personality disorder were more prone towards violence.
Dr Cranstons research was funded by the University and supported by the Australian Research Council and the Department of Health.